The National Preparedness Goal lists five Preparedness Mission Areas to serve as an aid in organizing preparedness activities, and are applicable to any threat or hazard. The five preparedness mission areas are

  • Prevention - Prevent, avoid, or stop an imminent, threatened, or actual act of terrorism.
  • Protection - Protect our citizens, residents, visitors, and assets against the greatest threats and hazards in a manner that allows our interests, aspirations, and way of life to thrive.
  • Mitigation - Reduce the loss of life and property by lessening the impact of future disasters.
  • Response - Respond quickly to save lives; protect property and the environment; and meet basic human needs in the aftermath of a catastrophic incident.
  • Recovery - Recover through a focus on the timely restoration, strengthening, and revitalization of infrastructure, housing, and a sustainable economy, as well as the health, social, cultural, historical, and environmental fabric of communities affected by a catastrophic incident.
    • Short Term - Short-term operations seek to restore critical services to the community and provide for the basic needs of the public.
    • Long Term - Long-term recovery focuses on restoring the community to its normal or improved Situation. It is also an opportune time to institute mitigation measures.